Bagan was the capital of the Pagan Kingdom from the 9th to the 13th century. The Pagans were the first to unify what is now Myanmar. They are also known for establishing Theravada Buddhism in the region. During their four-century rule, the Pagans built over 10,000 Buddhist temples around Bagan. Even after the Kingdom fell to the Mongols, Bagan’s temples remained a popular Buddhist pilgrimage destination. Currently, there are 3,800 temples still standing in various states of disrepair.