On September 14, 1830, French naturalist Claudio Gay (commissioned by the Chilian government) founded the Chilean National Museum of Natural History. The museum’s original mandate focused the displays on Chile’s crops and mineral resources, though its scope expanded after the botany, zoology, and mineralogy departments’ founding in 1889. The Chilean National Museum Of Natural History is still open today, making it one of the oldest natural history museums in South America. It is also one of Chile’s three national museums, and it is located in Quinta Normal Park. The Chilean National Museum Of Natural History has a wide variety of permanent and temporary exhibits that celebrate Chilean natural history. Examples of the twelve permeate exhibits include biogeography of Chile (which covers most of the first floor), the Central Hall Exhibit that displays a 17m skeleton of a blue whale, and a permanent exhibit on mollusks. The Chilean National Museum Of Natural History also houses the oldest mummies in the world, which predate the Ancient Egyptian mummies by 2,000 years.